Rachycentron canadum is a migratory pelagic species widely distributed in subtropical, tropical and temperate areas, except for the central and eastern Pacific. Several biological attributes make Cobia a strong candidate for aquaculture, such as rapid growth, high filets quality and high market price. However, many aspects of welfare in rearing conditions are not addressed yet. In order to optimise fish welfare of this species, improvements in current harvesting practices are needed to meet depth range needs, reproduction without manipulation, aggregation, aggression and stress reduction.