Megalobrama amblycephala is a benthopelagic freshwater fish that naturally inhabits middle reaches of Yangtze River in China, being found in Newshan and Yuli lakes. It is an important farmed species, especially in China, ranking high on the world list of most important fish species in aquaculture. This herbivorous cyprinid, which uses natural feeds and has high disease resistance, high larval survival rate, and fast growth performance, is considered a fish with a delicious taste and high commercial value. Aquaculture of M. amblycephala has expanded in China, especially during the last decade, because of the relatively low production cost and increasing consumer demand. However, most wild information is still missing for this species, and information about farming conditions is mostly restricted to juveniles. Thus, further research about basic information from wild and cultured M. amblycephala is needed.