= setting in the wildJUVENILES
= fully developed but immature individuals, for details ➝
Findings 10.1 Ontogenetic developmentADULTS
= mature individuals, for details ➝
Findings 10.1 Ontogenetic developmentMILLIARD
= 1,000,000,000 31 32FRY
= larvae from external feeding on, for details ➝
Findings 10.1 Ontogenetic developmentFARM
= setting in farm environmentLAB
= setting in laboratory environmentPOST-LARVAE
= fully developed individuals, beginning of external sex differentiation; for details ➝
Findings 10.1 Ontogenetic developmentLARVAE
= hatching to mouth opening, for details ➝
Findings 10.1 Ontogenetic developmentPHOTOPERIOD
= duration of daylightTOTAL LENGTH
= from snout to tip of caudal fin as compared to fork length (which measures from snout to fork of caudal fin) 23
or standard length (from head to base of tail fin) or body length (from the base of the eye notch to the posterior end of the telson)GENERALIST
= Generalists detect a narrow bandwidth of sound frequencies (<50-500 Hz, 1,500 Hz max.). High hearing threshold = cannot detect quieter sounds. Typically no swim bladder or no attachment of the swim bladder to the inner ear. Live in loud environments (rivers) 48 49.IND
= individualsFOOD CONVERSION RATIO
= (food offered / weight gained)SHYNESS-BOLDNESS
= reaction to risky (but not new!) situations, e.g. predators or humans. Referred to as docility, tameness, fearfulness elsewhere. Tests: predator presentation, predator stimulus, threat, trappability (latency to enter a trap for first time can be exploration), resistance to handlers (Trapezov stick test), tonic immobility (catatonic-like death-feigning anti predator response) 51
= reaction to new situations, e.g. new habitat, new food, novel objects. Referred to as neophobia/neophilia elsewhere. Tests: open field, trappability for first time, novel environment, hole board (time spent with head in holes), novel object 51
= agonistic reactions towards conspecifics. Tests: mirror image, social interaction/diadic encounters 51
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