Mexican four-eyed octopus

Octopus maya

Taxonomy
    • Cephalopoda
      • Octopoda
        • Octopodidae
          • Octopus maya
Habitat
Temperature:
S23.0-30.0 °C
Salinity:
Sseawater
Photoperiod:
S11-13 h
Substrate:
Syes
Trophic level:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Growth
Length:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Weight:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Maturity:
no data found yet
Malformations:
no data found yet
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
no data found yet
Depth:
S2.0-60.0 m
Speed:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Migration:
no data found yet
Type:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Reproduction
Nest building:
Syes
Courtship:
no data found yet
Mating type:
no data found yet
Fecundity:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Brood care:
no data found yet
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
Ssolitary
Organisation:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Aggression:
Syes
Handling
Farming frequency:
no data found yet
Farming stress:
Syes
Slaughter protocol:
Sprepared

Farming remarks

Octopus maya
Li0  ❘  Po2  ❘  Ce3

Octopus maya is an endemic species of Yucatán Peninsula (México) and highly appreciated by local fisheries and aquaculture. Though it is already cultured for the complete life cycle in consecutively bred generations and many efforts have been applied to reproductive aspects for farming purpose, wild individuals are still being introduced to improve genetic pools. Unfortunately, little is still known about its natural behaviour and spatial ecology, and there are other additional aspects to be solved from a welfare perspective. For instance, the current farming systems result in high stress for O. maya due to high densities and aggregation, which consequently increases aggression at different life stages. In addition, octopus skin is particularly sensitive and can be easily damaged during handling, transportation or stressful conditions due to confinement. A humane slaughtering protocol is not yet established since the nature and degree of any suffering during current practices are unknown. Octopuses appear capable of experiencing pain and suffering, exhibit cognitive complexity and sophisticated behavioural patterns which can be interpreted and serve as indicators of the welfare status.





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