Nile tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus

Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)
Taxonomy
    • Osteichthyes
      • Cichliformes
        • Cichlidae
          • Oreochromis niloticus
Distribution
Distribution map: Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)

Habitat
Temperature:
F16.0-29.0 °C
Salinity:
Ffresh to brackish water
Photoperiod:
no data found yet
Substrate:
Fyes
Trophic level:
F2.0
Growth
Length:
F7.3-56.0 cm
Weight:
F17.2-4,300.0 g
Maturity:
F0.2-0.6 years
Malformations:
Sno
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
no data found yet
Depth:
F6.0-20.0 m
Speed:
no data found yet
Migration:
Sresident
Type:
Fcarangiform
Reproduction
Nest building:
Fyes
Courtship:
Fyes
Mating type:
Fflexible
Fecundity:
no data found yet
Brood care:
Fyes
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
Fshoal
Organisation:
Flinear hierarchy
Aggression:
Fyes
Handling
Farming frequency:
4,525,431 t/year 2018
Farming stress:
Fyes
Slaughter protocol:
Sprepared

Farming remarks

Oreochromis niloticus
Li3  ❘  Po8  ❘  Ce6

Oreochromis niloticus is a very resilient and well-known species to the aquaculture industry. However, it requires a series of features to ensure its welfare in farming conditions. Intensive farming may disrupt natural reproductive cycles and fails to ensure that proper substrate and shelter are provided. Semi-intensive culture respect some spatial and habitat needs, but most industrial farming, especially in floating cages, does not. Although a remarkable amount of research has been conducted, another issue that needs to be tackled is wild-caught fish for feed. This should be replaced by fish slaughterhouse waste and other sources or avoided by extensive farming fully based on sustainable sources.





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