Giant tiger prawn

Penaeus monodon

Taxonomy
    • Malacostraca
      • Decapoda
        • Penaeidae
          • Penaeus monodon
Distribution

Habitat
Temperature:
no data found yet
Salinity:
Sfresh to seawater
Photoperiod:
no data found yet
Substrate:
Syes
Trophic level:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Growth
Length:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Weight:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Maturity:
no data found yet
Malformations:
no data found yet
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
no data found yet
Depth:
S2.0-110.0 m
Speed:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Migration:
Samphidromous
Type:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Reproduction
Nest building:
no data found yet
Courtship:
Syes
Mating type:
no data found yet
Fecundity:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Brood care:
no data found yet
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
no data found yet
Organisation:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Aggression:
Syes
Handling
Farming frequency:
750,605 t/year 2018
Farming stress:
Syes
Slaughter protocol:
Sprepared

Farming remarks

Penaeus monodon
Li0  ❘  Po1  ❘  Ce2

Penaeus monodon is one of the most cultivated crustaceans worldwide, with over 500,000 tonnes harvested every year, and the most important traded aquaculture commodity in Asia. Despite being reared for over a century and fairly well studied, many of its biological needs are disregarded in farming, such as spatial requirements and reproductive conditions. In fact, spawning techniques majorly include uni- or bilateral ablation of eyestalks, even though there is evidence that this species spawns without direct manipulation. Stress is also an issue that should be tackled, as poor farming conditions may cause stress and evoke high sensitivity to infections. A slaughter protocol should also be implemented, as stunning and slaughtering are normally performed by immersion in icewater.





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