Turbot

Scophthalmus maximus

Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)
Taxonomy
    • Osteichthyes
      • Pleuronectiformes
        • Scophthalmidae
          • Scophthalmus maximus
Distribution
Distribution map: Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)

Habitat
Temperature:
no data found yet
Salinity:
Sseawater
Photoperiod:
no data found yet
Substrate:
Syes
Trophic level:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Growth
Length:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Weight:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Maturity:
no data found yet
Malformations:
Syes
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
S<20 km
Depth:
S0.2-60.0 m
Speed:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Migration:
Soceanodromous
Type:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Reproduction
Nest building:
no data found yet
Courtship:
no data found yet
Mating type:
no data found yet
Fecundity:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Brood care:
no data found yet
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
no data found yet
Organisation:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Aggression:
Syes
Handling
Farming frequency:
58,798 t/year 2018
Farming stress:
Syes
Slaughter protocol:
Sprepared

Farming remarks

Scophthalmus maximus
Li0  ❘  Po0  ❘  Ce1

Scophthalmus maximus is a left-eyed flatfish of the family Scophtalmidae, a DEMERSAL predator, mainly in the area from the Black and Mediterranean Sea to the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea. S. maximus is a relatively scarce “gourmet” fish and is highly prized in the market. S. maximus farming started in the 1970s in the United Kingdom and subsequently established in France, Spain, and Portugal. In the beginning, the production was restricted by a limited juvenile supply, but technological developments since 2007 have led to an expansion in production. Only few findings are available on both natural behaviour and physiological effects of farming practices. They clearly demonstrate the importance of sandy substrate and low stocking densities to improve fish welfare.





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