Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata

Sparus aurata (Gilthead seabream)
Taxonomy
    • Osteichthyes
      • Perciformes
        • Sparidae
          • Sparus aurata
Distribution
Distribution map: Sparus aurata (Gilthead seabream)

Habitat
Temperature:
F11.0-30.0 °C
Salinity:
Ffresh to brackish water
Photoperiod:
no data found yet
Substrate:
Fyes
Trophic level:
F3.7
Growth
Length:
F20.5-70.0 cm
Weight:
F1,500-3,400.0 g
Maturity:
F1.0-2.0 years
Malformations:
Fyes
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
F0.8-4.0 km
Depth:
F0.0-150.0 m
Speed:
no data found yet
Migration:
Famphidromous
Type:
Fcarangiform
Reproduction
Nest building:
Fno
Courtship:
no data found yet
Mating type:
no data found yet
Fecundity:
F4,100.0-80,000.0 eggs/kg
Brood care:
Fno
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
Fflexible
Organisation:
Flinear hierarchy
Aggression:
Fyes
Handling
Farming frequency:
228,576 t/year 2018
Farming stress:
Fyes
Slaughter protocol:
Fprepared

Farming remarks

Sparus aurata
Li0  ❘  Po1  ❘  Ce3

The very low FishEthoScore of Sparus aurata is mainly due to the home range needs, high levels of aggression, needs of substrate, stress under farming conditions, high levels of deformations, absence of humane slaughter protocol and dependence on fish in the diet. Extensive farming providing substrate could be a remediation for some of the problems and help improve fish welfare. Individual farming strategies with mandatory protocols including continuous monitoring are a major stepping stone towards preventing poor welfare and improving the sustainable production of this species. Further research is needed on current farming conditions as well as aggregation and aggression behaviour in the wild and in farms.





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