Catla

Labeo catla

Taxonomy
    • Osteichthyes
      • Cypriniformes
        • Cyprinidae
          • Labeo catla
Habitat
Temperature:
no data found yet
Salinity:
Sfresh water
Photoperiod:
S10-14 h
Substrate:
no data found yet
Trophic level:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Growth
Length:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Weight:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Maturity:
S2.0 years
Malformations:
Syes
Morphology:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Swimming
Home range:
no data found yet
Depth:
no data found yet
Speed:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Migration:
Spotamodromous
Type:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Reproduction
Nest building:
no data found yet
Courtship:
no data found yet
Mating type:
no data found yet
Fecundity:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Brood care:
no data found yet
Social behaviour
Aggregation:
no data found yet
Organisation:
Not investigated by FEB yet.
Aggression:
Sno
Handling
Farming frequency:
3,041,299 t/year 2018
Farming stress:
Syes
Slaughter protocol:
Sno

Farming remarks

Labeo catla
Li0  ❘  Po0  ❘  Ce0

Labeo catla is among the most cultured fishes in India, belonging to the Indian major carps together with Cirrhinus mrigala and L. rohita. The wild populations of this freshwater carp can be found in reservoirs and riverine areas in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma. Despite that, there is limited information about this species in natural conditions, especially about home range, depth range, substrate, and aggregation needs. L. catla is a surface feeder and is often raised in polyculture systems with other carps, presenting better performance when aggregated with species of different feeding habits. Structures such as bamboo poles can be used as periphyton substrate in these polycultures, but not for feeding L. catla but instead for feeding other carp species and thereby reducing competition for planktons. Although its entire life cycle is closed in captivity, it is necessary to induce the reproduction by hormonal manipulation. Moreover, there is no information about adults under farming conditions, probably because this species is sold before reaching maturity. It is a common practice in large farms that fishes are just washed thoroughly in water, packed with crushed ice at a ratio of 1:1 in rectangular plastic crates, and transported for long distances to be sold as fresh as possible. Thus, further research is needed on the stunning and slaughter process, besides the stress response of this species.





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